Muthuraman Murali Karthikeyan, better known by his screen name Karthik Muthuraman, is a Tamil actor, son of veteran actor R. Muthuraman, and has acted in more than 100 films. He was first introduced by Bharathiraja in the film Alaigal Oivathillai. He has acted in Tamil and Telugu films.
Karthik was born in Chennai to R. Muthuraman, a popular Tamil actor.He studied in the Famous St. Bedes School in Chennai then at New College, Chennai and got a Bachelors Degree in Arts.
Karthik was first introduced by Bharathiraja in the film Alaigal Oivathillai. He has acted in Tamil and Telugu films. He has received the Best New Face Award from the Tamil Nadu Government in 1980, the Kalaimamani Award and the Nandi Award for Abhinandana.
He has received the best actor for three consecutive times by Tamil Nadu government. He is popular with the audience for sense of humor and was involved with several small comedy scenes in most of his movies. His cameo in Mouna Ragam was very well received by the audience. During his later years, he formed a partnership with Goundamani in doing comedy scenes.
His pairing with Rambha was a hit with audience as the pair provided good hits in the nineties.Karthik entered politics ahead of the 2006 Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election. He joined the All India Forward Bloc, and was appointed as the Secretary of the Tamil Nadu state unit of the party. He led the party during its electoral campaign On 24 September 2006.He is currently making a comeback into Tamil cinema with movies like Raavana and Maanja Velu.
Speak To People
Entrance of Pillayar kovil
kutrala vinayagar Temple
2 Lss Bus
Second Capture of Tirunelveli, 1756
In early 1757, Thevar along with Mahfuz Khan and supported by many Polygars marched towards Tirunelveli for the third time at the head of an army of 10,000 men. They camped near Tirunelveli but did not attempt to capture the town. Thevar remembered well what would happen if a largely primitive force engaged with the well-equipped army which held Tirunelveli.
Instead, in an effort to seize the country-side, Thevar sent messages to Mudalis, or tax collectors, that from now on he was in charge and that they must pay tax to him.
Talks were opened with the Raja of Travancore to persuade him to support the confederacy in exchange for which Thevar promised him those territories on which Raja of Travancore coveted.
Soon the troops that held Tirunelveli marched to Madura and Mahfuz Khan marched into the abandoned town. Mahfuz was so intoxicated by this success-in reality only luck-that he on his own, ordered his men to assault the nearby fort of Palamkotta; his men suffered staggering losses. The commandant of Palayamkotta enticed Kattabomman, the rank opportunist to support him in exchange for lucrative land grants.
Kattabomman’s troops routed Mahfuz’s troops who camped some distance away from the fort. After this Kattabomman retreated but Yusuf Khan came to the scene. Mahfuz Khan fled the scene to Nelkettumseval to join Thevar, who had left much earlier as he understood that plans were not working as he had envisaged.
Thevar aided Mahfuz Khan’s repeated but failed to seize Palamkotta. Thevar’s troops helped Mahfuz’s men to capture Kalakadu fort and deeded it to Raja of Travancore in an attempt to win him into side of confederacy.
Yusuf Khan threw a spanner into the confederacy’s plans; originally named Marudanayagam Pillay, a Hindu Tamil of Vellala caste who converted to Islam, he was one of the most brilliant generals of 18th century, comparable to Baji Rao. Yusuf Khan was a ruthless opportunist who felt no loyalty to any one except himself.
Yusuf Khan’s troops marched towards rebel country in south-west Tamil Nadu. He seized Kalakadu and captured the forts of Papankulam, Alvarkurichi, Brahmadesam and Tarankurichi; the first three were held by Mahfuz and the last by Polygar of Wadagiri, ally of Puli Thevar and most powerful of Western Polygars.
In the summer of 1758, Puli Thevar, for the fourth time, was ready to clash with the English and Nawab. Puli Thevar was supported by Polygars of Wadagiri, Kotaltava, Naduvakurichi and Sorandai. Ettaiyapuram Polygar also joined Thevar’s enterprise and soon confederates persuaded the Polygar of Settur to join them.
Capture of Tirunelveli, 1756
Thevar took this torturous route instead of the highway to Tinnevelly to conceal his troop movement and surprise the enemy, basing his plan on a spy's report that Mudali had camped his bulk of force some 20 miles away where he anticipated Thevar’s attack. At the edge of the forest, they could see Tinnevelly but chose to wait till night to begin their invasion. By dawn they had infiltrated into the town in several bands through unguarded points.
Battle of Tirunelveli
Thevar did not lose heart even then. Both sides were evenly matched with 20,000 men apiece, but Mahfuz Khan had superiority in cavalry. On 21 March of 1756, some 40,000 men clashed. The battle was fierce and bloody. Even after long onslaughts, the confederates could not break through enemy formations and once the opposition began their counter attack, the exhausted confederate troops broke up and retreated. The confederate army disintegrated and Thevar and his troops marched back to Nelkattumseval.
If Kattabomman had not supported Mahfuz, most of Tamil country would have been freed from the control of Arcot Nawab and British. A golden chance was lost-but certainly not due to Thevar. After all, it was he who took Polygars to the brink of a decisive success.
pulithevar born in Nelkattum seval
He is one of the earliest opponents of the British rule in South India. He was involved in a vendetta with the Nawab of Arcot who was supported by the British. Thevar's prominent exploits were his confrontations with Marudhanayagam, who later rebelled against the British in the late 1750s and early 1760s.Nelkatumseval was the headquarters of Puli Thevar, the first chieftain in India to resist the British.The author of the Thirunelveli District Gazetteer, H.R. Pate, observes as follows:Nelkatumseval is chiefly memorable as having been in the eighteenth Century stronghold of the redoubtable Puli Thevar, who figured for many years as the leader of the Marava Confederacy against the troops of the Nawab and the Company. He had a shrewd insight into the political situation of the time and was a veritable thorn against the side of the Nawab's agents.
Pulithevar remains one of the illustrious figures in the chequered history of palayakarars. The vivacity of his character gave him an ascendancy over the western palayakarars, while his determined resistance to the Nawab's overlordship made him a potential enemy of the Wallajahs. He was the principal architect of the coalition of the palayakkars organised against the Nawab. The Nawab acknowledged his victory by presenting him with a gold plate and sword.
Pulithevar is regarded as the first ruler in Indian history, who sowed the seed, by his gallant resistance, to expel foreigners from his native land. His services to the nation are honoured; the government of Tamil Nadu has erected a memorial for him in Nelkatumseval where there are the remnants of his palace. 
PASUMPON THEVAR IYYA
Pasumpon Muthuramalinga Thevar
Pasumpon Muthuramalinga Thevar
Pasumpon Muthuramalinga Thevar(Oct 30,1908-Oct 30 1963)was one of the five founding fathers of the Forward Bloc and a close aid of Subhas Chandra Bose.He was the undisputed leader of the party in Tamil Nadu till his death in 1963.He was inspired by Subhas Chandra Bose at their very first meeting at the Indian National Congress Session in 1927 and thereafter followed Bose to Calcutta. He continued to be an aid to Bose and joined the CSP in 1936 and later the Forward Bloc in 1939.He protested against the Congress high commands secret maneuvers to oust out Bose from the Presidential Chair of the Congress.He was also critical of the Communist for calling Bose a 'quisling an 'imperialist stooge'.He was a prominent freedom fighter and led noteworthy campaigns of the Congress in Tamilnadu.He led the 'Temperance campaign Kullupatti,Mudukullathur etc.The massive campaign that he led in 1929 against the Criminal Tribes Act in which he urged the people to defy the laws was also noteworthy in spite of the fact that he was unable to influence the Government and later Congress ministry under C Rajagopalachary to repeal the act. (Historical Film titled "Pasumpon Thevar Varallaru"-the Tamil film- which would be released in connection with the hundredth anniversary of Thevar has raised high expectations.It deals with the time Bose spent in hiding with Thevars help and is expected to shed new light on the mysteries revolving around the disappearance of Bose in 1945.)
On cannot help remembering Thevar who declared at several public meetings in Tamilnadu that he had met Bose,in 1956 at a village near the Himalayas.(He claimed that the information was passed to him by Sarat Chandra Bose.Thevars mysterious disappearance first in 1949 and later his travel to Burma in 1955 had also left doubts).He criticized the Shahnawaz Committee as an 'eye wash'and refused to disclose the truth before the committee.Like many of the followers
of Bose he doubted the credibility of Shanawaz-the one time loyal of Bose and was also critical
of Nehru's unsympathetic attitude towards the probe. Thevar asked for assurance form the union Government as to the treatment that would be given to Bose if Bose discloses his identity and come out to public- once again but the government gave no satisfactory reply(Thevar like many others doubted whether the government would hand over Bose to the British as a 'war criminal. Thevar never disclosed his secrets.All through his lif he continued as the strongest adherent to Bose and his policies.This is well reflected in his outright criticism to the dictatorial policy and the loss of vitality of the Congress Working Committee,his advocacy of Socialism
and his opposition towards regional factionalism and disunity.He was the strongest critic to EVR's policy of "Tamil love is important:Tamilnadu must live"
karthick at meeting
THEVAR GURU PUJAI 2010 OCT 30 QUE OF TAMIL NADU POLITICIANS IN THEVAR GURU POOJAI
THEVAR GURU PUJAI 2010 OCT 30 QUE OF TAMIL NADU POLITICIANS IN THEVAR GURU POOJAI: MADURAI: It was a carnival of sorts in Pasumpon, a remote hamlet in south Tamil Nadu and birthplace of Pon Muthuramalingam, a freedom fighter widely acknowledged as a Thevar caste leader and a crusader for social justice. With politicians of all hues making a beeline for Pasumpon, the otherwise nondescript village in backward Ramanathapuram district came alive on Saturday. But, this year, the anniversary celebrations had some political significance too. With state elections barely six months away, political heavy-weights visited the decked-up hamlet along with their supporters to pay homage to Muthuramalinga Thevar as well as offer appeasements to his community. The backward caste Thevar and its various sub-sects form a sizeable chunk of the electorate in the southern districts. Though the two star political leaders,AIADMK leader J Jayalalithaa and deputy chief minister, MK Stalin, who came to the village, claimed there was no political significance to the annual event, both made promises that brought cheer to the community. Deputy chief minister MK Stalin, who was among the first to arrive, at 9.45am, accompanied by some of his cabinet colleagues and officials, offered floral tributes at the memorial and announced that the DMK was taking up with the Centre the issue of naming the Madurai Airport after Muthuramalinga Thevar. He added that the DMK had always paid its respects to great leaders like Muthuramalinga Thevar, whether the party was in power or not. Jayalalithaa, who came a couple of hours later, announced she would offer a thanga kavasam' (golden armour) for the idol of Thevar within the temple "as per a request made to her by the temple priest". Chief minister and DMK president M Karunanidhi at a function in Chennai spoke at leangth about the Thevar leader, pointing out that he never failed to visit the memorial every year but could not do so this year owing to his disability. All the political parties, including affiliated caste outfits, make it an annual ritual to visit Pasumpon village during the last week of October every year to assure members of the Mukkulathor community that they are interested in the welfare of the most backward castes. In the past, the Thevars had largely identified themselves with the AIADMK, giving the party thumping majorities. But the 2009 Lok Sabha elections saw some surprise wins for the ruling DMK in the assembly segments in the southern districts, for long considered an AIADMK bastion. While much of the DMK gains in the south were credited to the Madurai strongman MK Alagiri, a tough battle is on the cards in the 2011 assembly elections with the AIADMK all set to put up a fight to regain lost ground.
THEVAR'S POLITICAL CAREER:
THEVAR'S POLITICAL CAREER:
Thevar was introduced to political life through the bond built with his lawyer S. Srinivasa Iyengar during the disputes of family inheritance. Iyengar advised Thevar to participate in the annual conference of the Indian National Congress in Madras 1927. During that conference Subash Chandra Bose lodged as Iyengar's house in Mylapore. Thevar was very impressed by Bose. After the conclusion of the INC session, Thevar followed Bose to Calcutta.
Following his return from Calcutta, Thevar began to study religious spiritualism, Tamil Language and classical literature. He was strongly influenced by thinkers such as Swami Vivekananda and Savant Ramalinga Adigal. He began to adopt a simple and strict lifestyle, as well as interacting all castes in the local communities.
As an apprentice of S. Srinivasa Iyengar, Thevar was increasingly involved in the political activities of the Indian National Congress. He was active in the civil disobedience movement called by Gandhi, and acted as a courier between 1932-1934. Moreover he led temperance campaigns in Kallupatti, Mudukulathur and Kodhumazhur. His activities angered the colonial authorities, and he was jailed on several occasions.
CRIMINAL TRIBES ACT:
One particular issue would have a special impact on Thevar's political career. Since 1920 the Criminal Tribes Act had been enacted by the government of the Madras Presidency and began to be implemented in the Madurai, Ramnad and Tirunelveli districts. After his entry into politics, Thevar began to mobilize resistance to the CTA. He toured villages in the affected areas and led protest rallies for the rights of the individuals registered under the CTA. In 1929 the Maravars of 19 villages in Appanad were forced to registered under the CTA. Thevar led a massive campaign in the villages, urging the people to defy the CTA. The authorities partially withdrew, and reduced the number of CTA registrations in the concerned areas from around 2000 to just 341.
In 1934 Thevar organised a convention at Abhiram, which urged the authorities to repeal the CTA. A committee consisting of Thevar, Dr. P.Varadarajulu Naidu, Perumal Thevar, Sasivarna Thevar and Navaneethakrishna Thevar was appointed by the convention to carry on the efforts to persuade the government to revoke the Act.
The CTA was, however, not revoked. On the contrary, its implementation was widened. Thevar again led agitations and awareness-raising campaigns against the Act. At the time the Justice Party was governing the Madras presidency, and their refusal to revoke the law created a strong animosity on Thevar's behalf towards the Justicites.
THEVAR'S FAMILY LIFE:
THEVAR'S FAMILY LIFE:
Thevar was born in the village of Pasumpon, Ramnad district. He hailed from a wealthy landlord family. Thevar was the only son of Ukkirapandi Thevar and Indirani. He had one sister, Janaki.
His mother died before his first birthday and his stepmother the next year. From 1910 onwards he was in the custody of his maternal grandmother Parvathiammal in the neighbouring village of Kallupatti. Parvathiammal was furious on Thevar's father for having taken two new wives shortly after the death of his second wife.
During his youth, Thevar was aided by Kuzhanthaisami Pillai. Pillai was a close family friend of Thevar's father. Pillai took responsibility for arranging Thevar's schooling. First he was given private tuition and in June 1917 he began attending classes at an elementary school run by American missionaries in Kamuthi. Later he joined the Pasumalai High School(near Thirupparankundaram) and then he shifted to the Union Christian High School in Madurai.
Thevar would however, not complete his studies. In 1924 he missed his final examinations due to an outbreak of a plague epidemic. The following year he also missed his chance to attend the final examinations, as he returned to Pasumpon to fight a legal battle over issues of inheritance of family property. The case would linger and was not settled until 1927, when the court ruling in Muthuramalingam Thevar's favour.
Thevar's father, Ukkirapandi Thevar, died on June 6, 1939.